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Gender Issues

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Assignment Topic : Gender Issues
Number of Pages :5 Page/ 1505 Words
Format: MLA

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Gender Issues

Gender issues are all concerns and aspects relating to men’s and women’s lives in society. It includes how they interrelate, their reaction to changes, policies interventions, and the differences in accessing resources. Gender issues in the United States have been prevalent throughout history and are still present today. Despite the significant progress made in tackling gender issues, it persists in many forms, including in-school discrimination, wage gaps, and occupational segregation.  The modern world might have come with a solution to many significant problems in the past, but it has not solved gender issues in society. There is still the problem of employment inequality, inadequate medical care, racism, bodily autonomy discrimination, discrimination in the legal system, job segregation, and poor political representation, among others, as discussed in this document.

Recent research suggests that there have been minute changes in the gender roles attitude compared to the mid-1990s. This can be blamed mainly on the gender frames that support traditional gender roles without discriminating or appearing sexist. It is currently possible to discriminate between women and men by agreeing with the conventional gender roles and not receiving any backlash. Social attitudes have played a significant role in stagnating the steps made towards solving gender issues in society. There is also the presence of Benevolent sexism among social attitudes causing prevailing gender issues. For instance, the current society considers women as something to be protected and as a chivalrous act. Women sharing this view have less ambitious goals, and men supporting this point of view have stereotypes and polarized women’s views. Societal attitudes and the support of traditional roles is a major cause of gender issues in modern America. Modern America still has the traditional view of women taking care of children and homes. Women in modern society are greatly affected by this traditional view affecting almost all institutions in modern America; education has become more accessible for both genders, with Dorment stating, “women have 60 percent of all college graduate degrees” (Dorment, pg 1). In the education system, women are discriminated against for pursuing specific courses like engineering because society primarily perceives them as for men.  As such, despite more women getting college degrees than men, in courses like engineering, the societal views have maintained them as male courses.  Additionally, these statistics show almost a similar number of men and number of women in the workforce. In modern America, women are more equal than they were before. Explaining the gender issues like wage gaps, opportunity gaps, and disadvantageous gender roles will majorly involve stating the work-life balance. Women in the United States today spend twice as much time as men on completing house chores. Even in cases where the woman earns more than the husband, they still do more housework. This is the case because even when women are more successful than men, they have to confirm the traditional sexuality for their careers not to be deemed as threatening by their husbands.

The work-life balance is a significant hindrance to women achieving their full capabilities and fulfillment. Traditional gender roles placed women as being mainly for caring for homes and children. As such, women have lesser opportunities to participate economically compared to men. This explains women having more poverty levels than men since their duties are still being considered domestic. Progress in the United States has offered women the opportunity to participate in the economy but has not sorted the traditional gender roles limiting what women can do.  The primary societal perception is that women should be at home taking care of children and not making careers. Empowered women have to face this perception and find ways of balancing between their jobs and family lives. This is not the same for men who are perceived as being providers and can have all the time modeling their careers. Kington states that “mothers struggle trying to carve out careers vs. people who think they should be at home raising children”(Kington, pg 1) even though there are as many women as men in the workforce. Women are more likely to take part-time jobs because of lacking full-time jobs. Additionally, some cases require women to take part-time jobs because they have to take care of children, of which men do not have to make such sacrifices. Additionally, women are less likely to delegate household chores to men because they fear the work may not get done well. Such believes fostered by society’s views that women should be responsible for the home’s state. Dorment states,” women can have it all but not today (Dorment, pg 1). Dorment says this because the current society and economic structure do not support women’s progress. They experience job discrimination, discrimination in the workplace, and wage gaps. Last year, the number of women working dropped to an all-time low since 1988. Despite a pandemic, the number was significantly low and can be accounted for by the lack of societal, business, and government support for women working.

Gender issues are still a significant problem in the modern United States because there are wage gaps. Women earn approximately 81 percent of what their male counterparts are making in modern America. The wage inequality has been on the rise since the 1980s, with a decrease in middle-wage jobs as they are replaced by larger low paying and high-paying jobs. The Daily states, “Before the age of 30, a study found that males earned less than women but after the age of 30, men earned higher than women”(Daily,  pg 1). This decrease in female earnings is significantly caused by women choosing to have a family rather than pursue their careers (Dorment, pg 1). In the current society, women are more likely to get employed in low-paying jobs. Moreover, the high-paying careers are largely considered male professions, with men dominating the fields. In cases where women work at similar levels with men, there is still a difference in earnings, with men earning more. For instance, in the healthcare field, female physicians are compensated less despite evidence that they provide higher quality care than their male counterparts.  Making it worse is how there are wage gaps between women. The wage gap between women is the family gap whereby women with children earn less than women without children. The family gap is not reflected in their male counterparts, with married men making more than unmarried men (Daily, pg 1).  Despite the wage gaps, society expects women to work for longer hours to show their commitment, which is not compensated for.  Due to these long hours working on someone else’s schedule for employed women reduces the time with family, their traditional gender role. As a result of this, women have to choose between being professionals or parents.  Slaughter, a woman who experienced these gender issues, states, “I could no longer be both the parent and the professional I wanted”( Slaughter, Pg, 1). Women encounter wage gaps in almost all fields and have to balance between their jobs and their roles of maintaining homes.  Due to these, gender issues are still prevailing in the 21st century.

Gender issues are still a problem due to the prevalence of gender-based harassment. In modern America, if people disagree with a woman’s opinion, they’d rather criticize her appearance instead of what they are saying. This was portrayed when women came out in millions to support women’s rights in 2017. People in the society did not critique the ideas the women were supporting, but rather they made fat jokes. For instance, one critique stated, “After Just one day in office, Trump managed to achieve something that no one else has managed to do: he got a million fat women walking” (Simons, pg 1). Whether this comment, among many others, was done intentionally or unintentionally, they play the denigrating women in politics role. By focusing on criticizing the appearance of women instead of their ideas, gender issues will continue to participate, especially at political fronts. In the past, females participating in women suffrage movements were perceived as not having husbands being their main problem. In the modern world, when the GOP debate happened in 2011, Huffingpost director did not have any comments on the issue addressed in the debate but rather dedicated four paragraphs in discussing, as stated by Simons, “hard, glossy, squared-off acrylic nails.” (Simons, pg 1). Besides the political front, this harassment is present in other sectors such as the media. Bambot reports how badly female sports commentators are treated abusively online. Men are instructed to read out loud the abusive tweets of female sports commentators, and they get to a point they are not comfortable saying some of the things. Bambot states, “the word cunt and bitch were thrown around a lot”(Bambot, pg 1). Women are subject to harassment because of their gender, even in modern world America.

To sum up, despite the progress that the United States has experienced in almost all aspects, gender issues are still a problem that is majorly faced by women more than men. Things had not changed much from history when there were women suffrage movements. Today, there is still the fight for women’s rights because of the prevailing gender issues. Gender issues account for wage gaps, opportunity gaps, job discrimination, and workplace discrimination. Even though there is almost a similar number of men and women in the workforce, gender issues mostly affect women giving men privileges not afforded to women.

 Work cited

Daily. “‘Don’t You Wish You Were a Man Mrs Spankhurst?’ The Sexist, Suffragette-slamming World of the Edwardian Postcards.” Mail Online, 18 July 2012, www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2175517/Emmeline-Pankhurst-The-sexist-suffragette-slamming-world-Edwardian-postcards.html.

Jumana Bambot Watch What Happens When Men Read Abusive Tweets to Female Sports Reporters.” Ms. Magazine, 18 July 2018, msmagazine.com/2016/05/02/watch-what-happens-when-men-read-abusive-tweets-to-female-sports-reporters/.

Meridith Simons The Washington Post, 26 Jan. 2017, www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/01/26/dont-like-what-a-woman-is-saying-call-her-ugly/.

Raynard Kington “Why Men Still Can’t Have It All.” The Washington Post, 3 Nov. 2016, www.washingtonpost.com/news/parenting/wp/2016/11/03/im-gay-and-african-american-as-i-dad-i-still-have-it-easier-than-working-moms/.

Richard Dorment “Why Men Still Can’t Have It All.” Esquire, 28 May 2013, www.esquire.com/entertainment/a22764/why-men-still-cant-have-it-all-0613/.

Slaughter, Anne-Marie. “Why Women Still Can’t Have It All.” The Atlantic, 3 June 2019, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/07/why-women-still-cant-have-it-all/309020/.

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