Annually, nations around the world produce over 1.3 billion tons of waste a number expected to increase by nearly fourfold in 2100. The world’s leading trash generators include China, Brazil, Germany, Japan, and United States. The United States accounts for over 250 million tons of waste yearly with China coming at a close second of over 190 million tons annually. The more industrialized and urbanized a nation is, the more trash it generates. With there being no visible end to this trend, public waste cities are finding it more challenging to keep up with the rapid industrialization and urban expansions. Illegal and unregulated dumpsites hold over 40 percent of the global waste serving approximately 4 billion people. The ramifications and threats of waste to health, safety, and the environment are significant. Not only these factors are affected but waste threat has many social and financial ramifications as well. Poor waste management leads to pollution which runs into rivers and ground water. There is also the challenge of drains getting clogged by garbage and the atmosphere being poisoned from the toxic discharge of wastes. In less developed countries, the ramifications of poor waste collection are more severe as they experience outbreaks of diseases such as acute respiratory infections and diarrhea. Poor waste management is common in developing countries since they have less structure in place to cater for the growing need. In developed countries, the problem of waste management mostly goes unnoticed because unlike in developing countries where waste burden leads to waste disposal in their neighborhoods and slums, developed countries have adequate waste management systems. For instance, in the United States, the waste management problem almost goes unnoticed to the citizens since they have systems which manage waste for citizens
In developed countries, the main issue with waste management is the question of whether it should be privatized or remains public. The systems of waste management are in place in both instances of privatization and remaining public. Both have instances where they have not worked well and instances where they worked exceptionally well hereby raising a debate over what should be done. This paper supports privatization of waste management because of the benefits it has over not privatizing the industry. The goals of privatization include reducing cost of waste management, increasing efficiency and government protection among others.Privatization of waste management has benefits for both the government and the citizens. For instance, the private sector can efficiently reduce waste management costs while improving efficiency. Additionally, it also removes the burden of having to own disposal and removal services from municipalities. As result of this, the government can focus its limited resources on other services like education on recycling, infrastructure, and first-responders. Private waste management sector have the economies of scale to promote environmental protection, procurement costs among several facilities and contracts, and spread investment. The government is also protected by privatizing waste management through market risks protection, adoption of faster and more efficient technologies, less debt, and better records in safety. If the government offers a contract to a private company, the primary responsibility for environmental compliance and general liability is typically the private company. Insurance coverage and financial guarantees require contractual strategies that reduce governmental risks. Moreover, municipalities outsourcing solid waste services encourage competition in the private waste management sector causes good service and fair pricing. When considering privatizing waste management, the following consideration should be made: How it impacts employment of the public, how it impacts recycling and waste reduction goals, public perceptions and community pride, response capacity to regulatory, socio-economic, and technological changes. This document conducts a research on the impact that privatization of waste management has on the public, efficiency of waste management, and the government.
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