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The Civil Rights Movement

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Assignment Topic : The Civil Rights Movement
Number of Pages :3 Page/ 825Words
Format: APA

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The Civil Rights Movement was a political campaign and movement in the United States from 1954-to 1968. It was created to fight against racial discrimination and disenfranchisement in America. The Civil Rights Movement begun  in the 19th century during the era of reconstruction, but it only brought significant impact in the mid-1960s. The Civil War had abolished slavery, but discrimination was not addressed; hence black people continued experiencing devastating racism effects. Black people were ready to act on the segregation issues due to their prevalence by the mid-20th century. Together with a significant number of whites, black people mobilized to fight against the prevalent prejudices against blacks. Martin Luther King Jr was critical in the Civil Rights Movement of the mid-20th century. He organized protests and marches in the civil rights movement to address racism and prejudice. His famous speech “I have a dream” was a collection of the issues that the movement was fighting for and hoping to achieve. This document addresses the impact of Civil rights Movement and how it would help address today’s ethnic and racial conflicts.

The 1960’s Civil rights Movement had a significant impact on changing the United States’ attitude on matters of discrimination and racial prejudice. It was a result of the unfulfilled emancipation promises. One of the Civil Rights Movement wins was the abolishment of Jim Crow laws. They initiated lawsuits spearheaded by the NAACP undermining Jim Crow’s legal foundation of segregation in the South. The “Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka” ruling deemed separate facilities unequal, and therefore public education segregation was unconstitutional. This ruling faced significant opposition like the “Southern Manifesto,” which necessitated the federal intervention to implement the ruling. The Civil Rights Movement’s civil disobedience and nonviolent protests also profoundly impacted the nation. For example, the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott was a model for the activist efforts followed nationwide against racial prejudices. Student Organizations such as SNCC(Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), labor groups such as the (AFL-CIO)American Federation of Labour, and religious groups such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference held massive protests, which accelerated the Federal civil rights legislation by raising awareness(Slate, 2022). The Civil Rights Movement’s famous “March on Washington for freedom and Jobs” is still the most significant protest on civil rights in the history of the United States. The march led to the implementation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The Civil Rights Act would greatly help minority groups across the globe. Minority groups across the globe have almost similar issues, including inequality and inadequate representation hence their issues going unresolved. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ensured that acts of discrimination based on color, religion, sex, national origin, and race were illegal and punishable by law(Clayton, 2018). The Act forbade the mentioned prejudices from all institutions and also prejudices in firing, promoting, and hiring people. As such, the minority groups discriminated in workplaces, educational institutions, the justice system, and religious institutions, among other public areas, had a chance of receiving the same treatment as the majority. Minority groups across the globe would significantly benefit from the law to assure them equal rights as the majority groups. Additionally, the Act promoted the unity of all people as it deemed them equal.  

The strategies used by the mid-20th century Civil Rights Movement are relevant in sorting the current ethnic and racial issues in the America. The movement greatly advocated for peaceful protests. Martin Luther King Jr, A key figure in the movement, preached the importance of using peaceful protests to “not to be guilty of wrongful deeds” (Card, 2018). He states that in their fight, they must not drink from the cup of hatred and bitterness( Card, 2018). These tactics were significantly useful and would be more effective in today’s racial problems. The law does not condone the destruction of public property or the routine lives of other Americans in pursuit of racial equality. As such, other approaches, as witnessed recently in the fight against police brutality, whereby the protests were violent and led to massive destruction of the property, only create problems with law enforcement agencies responsible for protecting the public peace(Clayton, 2018). Peaceful protests, boycotts, and marches in large numbers significantly raise awareness of the issue in an addressable manner drawing support from all groups alike. As the tactics and strategies were effective then, they would be more effective now as more issues are addressed civilly in today’s America.

The Civil Rights movement ideas of the 1960s remain relevant today. The United States has made strides toward addressing the racial and ethnic issues in the nation. However, discrimination and racial segregation remain rampant. Police brutality has been a significant issue in the nation for the past decades, with popular media and civil rights movements raising awareness of prejudice (Clayton, 2018). Discrimination in healthcare access, education access, jobs, and justice system access are still issues experienced by minority groups in the nation. As such, the fight for equality and against racial segregation is still important today as they still face prejudices due to race. A significant number of students fail to get admission due to race. People from minority groups still miss out on employment opportunities and promotions, get fired due to racial prejudices, and experience wage gaps due to discrimination. The ideas of the 1960s would help fight against these issues as they are prevalent from that time.

The Civil Rights Movement would greatly promote diversity in America today. The movement advocated for equality in all aspects of life. The movement would rally against the college admissions scandals in the nation today whereby students fail to get admitted due to their race, as a result of this promoting diversity in schools. The movement also advocated for discriminated ethnic groups in workplaces. A significant number of people from ethnic groups find it challenging to get jobs because of institutionalized discrimination (Slate, 2022). The movement would spearhead legislation advocating for diversity in workplaces, such as the gender rule, and people from diverse cultures would benefit. With the Civil Rights Movement’s presence and activities, the American workforce would be more diverse in all sectors as a result of this promotion of equality. With the Civil Rights Movement present, more people from ethnic groups would have a voice to fight against inequality, effectively addressing their well-being and pride as United States Citizens.

To sum up, the mid-20th century Civil Rights Movement had a lot of impact on the United States. It led to significant legislation reforms promoting the rights of ethnic groups. The movement’s tactics and strategies effectively communicated their message, and they would still be relevant today. The Racial segregation and discrimination issue in today’s America is similar to the mid-20th century issues; hence a similar approach to the Civil Rights Movement approach would effectively address the issues. The movement would promote racial equality promoting diversity in all aspects of life.

References

Card, M. M. (2018). Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s” I Have a Dream” Speech: An Exploration and Analysis of Personal, Cultural, and Collective Complexes in the Foundation of the Dream and the Life of Dr. King. Journal of Heart-Centered Therapies, 21(2), 3-28.

Clayton, D. M. (2018). Black lives matter and the civil rights movement: A comparative analysis of two social movements in the United States. Journal of Black Studies, 49(5), 448-480.

Slate, N. (2022). Debating disadvantage: self-concept, the civil rights movement and pre-college programs in the United States in the 1960s. History of Education, 51(1), 114-134.

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